A look at common mental disorders

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A look at common mental disorders

Mental health problems in the workplace Published: February, Low treatment rates imperil workers' careers and companies' productivity. Mental health problems affect many employees — a fact that is usually overlooked because these disorders tend to be hidden at work.

Researchers analyzing results from the U. But the stigma attached to having a psychiatric disorder is such that employees may be reluctant to seek treatment — especially in the current economic climate — out of fear that they might jeopardize their jobs.

At the same time, managers may want to help but aren't sure how to do so.

What should you know about mental health conditions and disorders? | Head to Health

And clinicians may find themselves in unfamiliar territory, simultaneously trying to treat a patient while providing advice about dealing with the illness at work. As a result, mental health disorders often go unrecognized and untreated — not only damaging an individual's health and career, but also reducing productivity at work.

Adequate treatment, on the other hand, can alleviate symptoms for the employee and improve job performance. But accomplishing these aims requires a shift in attitudes about the nature of mental disorders and the recognition that such a worthwhile achievement takes effort and time.

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Here's a quick guide to the most common mental health problems in the workplace, and how they affect both employees and employers.

Key points Symptoms of mental health disorders may be different at work than in other situations. Although these disorders may cause absenteeism, the biggest impact is in lost productivity.

Studies suggest that treatment improves work performance, but is not a quick fix. But symptoms tend to manifest differently at work than they do at home or in other settings.

Although symptoms may go unnoticed, the economic consequences are tangible. Studies assessing the full work impact of mental health disorders often use the World Health Organization WHO Health and Work Performance Questionnaire, which not only asks employees to report how many days they called in sick, but also asks them to assess, on a graded scale, how productive they were on the days they actually were at work.

The results are measured in days out of work absenteeism and lost productivity "presenteeism". In one study examining the financial impact of 25 chronic physical and mental health problems, researchers polled 34, employees at 10 companies.

The researchers tabulated the amount of money the companies spent on medical and pharmacy costs for employees, as well as employees' self-reported absenteeism and lost productivity, using the WHO questionnaire.

When researchers ranked the most costly health conditions including direct and indirect costsdepression ranked first, and anxiety ranked fifth — with obesity, arthritis, and back and neck pain in between.

Many of the studies in this field have concluded that the indirect costs of mental health disorders — particularly lost productivity — exceed companies' spending on direct costs, such as health insurance contributions and pharmacy expenses.

Given the generally low rates of treatment, the researchers suggest that companies should invest in the mental health of workers — not only for the sake of the employees but to improve their own bottom line. Depression is the mental health disorder that has been best studied in the workplace, partly because it is so common in the general population.Demi Lovato shares her personal story with mental health problems and offers advice for young adults.

If you have, or believe you may have, a mental health problem, it may be helpful to talk about these issues with others.

A look at common mental disorders

Here's a look of six of the most common types and categories of mental disorders. Eating Disorders These are considered mental disorders because they involve extreme emotions, attitudes and behaviors towards food and weight gain.

Family doctors, internists, and pediatricians are usually qualified to diagnose common mental disorders such as depression, anxiety disorders, and ADHD. In many cases, depending on the individual and his or her symptoms, a mental health professional who is .

Depression is one of the most common mental disorders in the U.S. Current research suggests that depression is caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Get the facts on common mental disorders, such as those related to anxiety, attention deficit, conduct, depression, schizophrenia, and trauma.

The following are descriptions of the most common categories of mental illness in the United States. The fact is, all mental disorders are contained within psychiatry’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), and are arrived upon by psychiatrists literally voting on what is, or is not, considered a mental disorder.

Unlike the rest of medicine, mental disorders are arrived at by a political, not medical process.

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