Analysis of an arundel tomb

The specimen is printed below Lat the left margin. The letter is dated 7 September

Analysis of an arundel tomb

The anonymous Ballad of Bosworth Field says that "in Newarke laid was hee, that many a one might looke on him" —almost certainly a reference to the collegiate Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady of the Newarke[4] a Lancastrian foundation on the outskirts of medieval Leicester.

Inten years after the burial, Henry VII paid for a marble and alabaster monument to mark Richard's grave. The site of the friary was sold to two Lincolnshire property speculators and was later acquired by Robert Herrick, the Mayor of Leicester and eventual uncle of the poet Robert Herrick.

The Lord Mayor Herrick built a mansion close to Friary Lane, on a site now buried under the modern Grey Friars Street, and turned the rest of the land into gardens. The antiquary Christopher Wren father of Christopher Wren the architect recorded that Herrick erected a monument on the site of the grave in the form of a stone pillar three feet 1 m high carved with the words, "Here lies the Body of Richard III, Some Time King of England.

If Speed had been to Herrick's property he would surely have seen the commemorative pillar and gardens, but instead he reported that the site was "overgrown with nettles and weeds" [17] and there was no trace of Richard's grave. The map of Leicester drawn by Speed incorrectly shows Greyfriars where the former Blackfriars was, suggesting that he had looked for the grave in the wrong place.

A coffin certainly seems to have existed; John Evelyn recorded it on a visit inand Celia Fiennes wrote in that she had seen "a piece of his tombstone [sic] he lay in, which was cut out in exact form for his body to lie in; it remains to be seen at ye Greyhound [Inn] in Leicester but is partly broken.

Although the coffin's location is no longer known, its description does not match the style of late 15th-century coffins, and it is unlikely to have had any connection with Richard.

It is more likely that it was salvaged from one of the religious establishments demolished following the Dissolution. The property was subsequently divided and sold in ; three years later, New Street was built across the western part of the site.

Many burials were discovered when houses were laid out along the street. A townhouse, 17 Friar Lane, was built on the eastern part of the site in and survives today.

During the 19th century, the site became increasingly built on. In Alderman Newton's Boys' School built a schoolhouse on part of the site. Herrick's mansion was demolished inthe present Grey Friars Street was laid through the site inand more commercial developments, including the Leicester Trustee Savings Bank, were built.

In the rest of the site was acquired by Leicestershire County Council which built offices on it in the s and s. The county council relocated in when its new County Hall opened, and Leicester City Council moved in.

Analysis of an arundel tomb

Very little was unearthed, except for a fragment of a post-medieval stone coffin lid. The results of the dig suggested that the remains of the friary church were farther west than previously thought.

The small plaque was installed by the Richard III Society in to refute the statement on the larger plaque, installed in The location of Richard III's body has long been of interest to the members of the Richard III Societya group established to bring about a reappraisal of the King's tarnished reputation.

A Short Analysis of Philip Larkin’s ‘An Arundel Tomb’ | Interesting Literature

In an article by Audrey Strange was published in the society's journal, The Ricardian, suggesting that his remains were buried under Leicester City Council's car park.

Individual members suggested possible lines of investigation, but neither the University of Leicester nor local historians and archaeologists took up the challenge, probably because it was widely thought that the grave site had been built over or the skeleton had been scattered, as John Speed's account suggested.

The Maligned Kingindependently came to the conclusion that his body probably lay under the car park. She joined forces with Langley and Ashdown-Hill to carry out further research, [27] in the course of which she found what she called a "smoking gun"—a medieval map of Leicester showing the Greyfriars Church at the north end of what was now the car park.

The University of Leicester Archaeological Services—an independent body with offices at the university—was appointed as the project's archaeological contractor.

The skeleton of Richard III was recovered in September from the centre of the choir, shown by a small dot. In March an assessment of the Greyfriars site began to identify where the monastery had stood, and which land might be available for excavation.

A desk-based assessment [note 1] was conducted to determine the archaeological viability of the site, followed by a survey in August using ground-penetrating radar GPR. The survey was useful in finding modern utilities crossing the site, such as pipes and cables. It was decided to open two trenches in the Social Services car park, with an option for a third in the playground.

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Archaeologist Richard Buckley admitted the project was a long shot: A layer of modern building debris was removed before the level of the former monastery was reached.

A second, parallel trench was dug next day to the south-west. To narrow the search, it was planned that only the remains of men in their thirties, buried within the church, would be exhumed. The feet were missing, and the skull was found in an unusual propped-up position, consistent with the body being put into a grave that was slightly too small.

No sign of a coffin was found; the skeleton's posture suggested the body had not been put in a shroudbut had been hurriedly dumped into the grave and buried. As the bones were lifted from the ground, a piece of rusted iron was found underneath the vertebrae.

The positive indicators were that the body was of an adult male; it was buried beneath the choir of the church; it had severe scoliosis of the spine possibly making one shoulder higher than the other.

Ashdown-Hill had used genealogical research to track down matrilineal descendants of Anne of York, Richard's older sister, whose matrilineal line of descent is extant through her daughter Anne St Leger.

Ashdown-Hill turned instead to genealogical research to identify an all-female-line descendant of Cecily NevilleRichard's mother. Michael, Jeff and Leslie. Descendants of Constable, including one of Duldig's ancestors reportedly emigrated to New Zealand.

Duldig's mitochondrial DNA is reportedly a close match, i.“An Roundel Tomb” was first published In The Whitish Weddings in , a number of reviewers singled the poem out for comment. Christopher Rills, in The New York Review of Books, described Larkin as “the best poet England now has,” and said of the collection “people will .

‘An Arundel Tomb’, by Philip Larkin, is written to preserve the image portrayed by a sculpture located on a tomb in Arundel. The poet uses this poem to convey the feelings, which the sight of this tomb .

Analysis of an arundel tomb

The Tomb of the Baker The Tomb of Eurysaces the Baker is an impressive and peculiar ancient tomb in Rome dating back to around 30BC.

The tomb was built by a former slave named Marcus Vergilius Eurysaces, who made his fortune as a baker and contractor. The Mellonath Daeron Index of Tengwa Specimina (DTS) This is an index to J.R.R.

Tolkien's texts in the tengwar script he devised for the Elves of his sub-creation.

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It is maintained by the Mellonath Daeron, the linguistic guild of the Tolkien Society the guild members are found the editor of the Arda annual (himself a major contributor to the index) and several of its recurrent.

Medieval Christian Art: Illuminated Manuscripts () With the fall of Rome and the disintegration of the Roman Empire, Western Europe entered the Dark Ages (), a period of political uncertainty and cultural stagnation. The WorldConnect Project allows users to upload, modify, link, and display their family trees as a means to share their genealogy with other researchers.

A Short Analysis of Philip Larkin’s ‘An Arundel Tomb’ | Interesting Literature