References and Further Reading 1. Introduction Faith and reason are both sources of authority upon which beliefs can rest. Reason generally is understood as the principles for a methodological inquiry, whether intellectual, moral, aesthetic, or religious.
The Bondage of the Will, Martin Luther. Revell Publishers,pages. The Bondage of the Will was the shot heard around the world during the Reformation of the sixteenth century. Unfortunately, almost years after the Reformation, most of the beneficiaries of the Reformation have never heard of or read this crucial book.
What is worse, many have exchanged the Gospel for the free will heresy. During a Sunday school class on the history of the Reformation, I once heard a taped lecture delivered by a seminary professor in which he highly recommended this book.
This tape was from a Reformed church. I would say that he is not typical of but is actually more knowledgeable than most Christians today, for most Christians do not even know that the Reformers denied free will. If anyone today denies that man has a free will, he is likely to be ostracized, censored, and, perhaps, labeled a heretic.
Martin Luther began the Reformation with a denial of free will. This was fundamental to the Biblical doctrine of justification by faith alone.
At the time, Erasmus, a brilliant scholar, wrote a diatribe called Discussion on the Freedom of the Will, defending the Roman Catholic doctrine.
Perhaps this is the reason why most Christians simply choose to ignore it rather than read it and debate against it. Free will was no academic question to Luther; the whole Gospel of the grace of God, he held, was bound up with it, and stood or fell according to the way one decided it.
It is not the part of a true theologian, Luther holds, to be unconcerned, or to pretend to be unconcerned, when the Gospel is in danger. In particular, the denial of free will was to Luther the foundation of the Biblical doctrine of grace, and a hearty endorsement of that denial was the first step for anyone who would understand the Gospel and come to faith in God.
The man who has not yet practically and experimentally learned the bondage of his will in sin has not yet comprehended any part of the Gospel Justification by faith alone is a truth that needs interpretation.
The principle of sola fide [by faith alone] is not rightly understood till it is seen as anchored in the broader principle of sola gratia [by grace alone]. The Bible teaches that faith itself is and has to be a gift of God, by grace, and not of self Ephesians 2: Those who want to downplay doctrines, that is, truth, might agree with Erasmus.
Erasmus recognizes no organic dependence of practice upon faith. Does this not sound remarkably like many neo-evangelical churches today-peace at the price of truth? The opposite was true of Luther: Fundamental to upholding a doctrinal Christianity is the upholding of logic.
If logic is ignored or denigrated, no doctrine can be known to be true or false. Luther was himself a rigorous logician. Inhe lectured in Aristotelian logic at the University of Wittenberg At the Diet of Worms inLuther was ordered to recant his teachings on threat of excommunication.
I cannot and I will not recant anything. Here I stand, I can do no other! Much modern Protestantism would be neither owned nor even recognized by the pioneer Reformers. The Bondage of the Will fairly sets before us what they believed about the salvation of lost mankind. Do we not too often try to minimize and gloss over doctrinal differences for the sake of inter-party peace?Here is a talk I gave last night (3/22/15) at The Church of the Holy Spirit in Montgomery, AL.
The talk was titled “John Calvin and the Reformation: A Catholic Perspective.”.
Romans (BBE) And let not your behaviour be like that of this world, but be changed and made new in mind, so that by experience you may have knowledge of the . Compare and Contrast Martin Luther and John Calvin Martin Luther King and John Calvin were both very important leaders of the Protestant Although they were both against the Roman Catholic Church, they brought aboutvery different ideas in religion.
Kerr, Luther’s Theology, p. xiii: “In a comparison of the writings of Luther and Calvin on the great doctrinal questions what strikes one with greater force than their disagreements is the amazing similarity of the two, even to the point of detail in many instances.
A. The value and danger of direct quotation. Firsthand information is always preferred over secondhand information. This is true in any field of inquiry. Information directly from the source is more convincing than someone else's version of that information.
James Please consider your sponsorship or support of The Text This Week.. Reading the Text: NRSV (with link to Anglicized NRSV) at Oremus Bible Browser.