Rear wall painting in Tomb of the AugursTarquinia, Italy The Etruscan paintings that have survived are almost all wall frescoes from tombs, mainly located in Tarquiniaand dating from roughly BC to BC, with the peak of production between about and BC. The Greeks very rarely painted their tombs in the equivalent period, with rare exceptions such as the Tomb of the Diver in Paestum and southern Italy, and the Macedonian royal tombs at Vergina. The whole tradition of Greek painting on walls and panels, arguably the form of art that Greek contemporaries considered their greatest, is almost entirely lost, giving the Etruscan tradition, which undoubtedly drew much from Greek examples, an added importance, even if it does not approach the quality and sophistication of the best Greek masters. It is clear from literary sources that temples, houses and other buildings also had wall-paintings, but these have all been lost, like their Greek equivalents.
History of Art Timeline. Etruscans were also noted for their figurative sculpture made from stoneterracotta, such as the "Apollo of Velo" c.
For rich Etruscans, art became a feature of every day life.
Reconstruction of a seventh century Etruscan villa, in Murlo, revealed large painted terracotta panels adorning the entrances, as well as a number of fresco wall-paintings. Etruscan paintings and murals often convey a clear sense of joi de vivre, in the form of dancing couples or other human figures looking strong and healthy and full of life.
In this sense, Etruscan art captured human emotion much better than the more stylized Greek art. Etruria was also known for its goldsmiths: Examples include the significant cache of gold jewellery in the Regolini Galassi tomb, Cerveteri, which was unearthed in the nineteenth-century.
Etruscan civilization was a strong influence on other cultural developments throughout Antiquity, notably on early Celtic culturesuch as the Hallstatt style and La Tene Style of Celtic art. In the process, many Etruscan paintings and sculptures were destroyed and valuable bronzes melted down to make bronze coins, a common occurrence in the history of art of the time.
And local art was subsumed into Roman art. As a result, the Etruscan artistic legacy is comparatively small. Historical Guide to Etruscan Culture The Etruscans inhabited the region of Italy bounded to the north by the valley of the Arno, to the east and south by the Tiber, and on the west by the Tyrrhenian Sea.
In Antiquity it was called Etruria and contained great forests and rich potential for agriculture and mining. The ethnic and linguistic affinities of the Etruscans are not clear.
To date no firm archaeological evidence supports this story but Etruscan is similar to a dialect once spoken on the Aegean island of Lemnos. Both languages may be survivals of an ancient Mediterranean tongue, or the Etruscans may have brought their language to Italy at an early date.
Forerunner of Etruscan Civilization Archaeologists call the Iron Age culture of ancient Etruria "Villanovan", reserving the name "Etruscan" for the period after c. This nomenclature stresses a theory, still upheld by some scholars, that the Etruscans only arrived in Italy at this time.
But a strong continuity links the 8th and 7th centuries in the region and the Villanovan culture is now generally regarded as the true precursor of Etruscan civilization, though a profound change did occur in Etruria during this time.
Phoenician and Greek merchants and colonists became active in the western Mediterranean in the Geometric period and had made contact with Villanovan villagers by c. Thereafter the Villanovans and their successors, the Etruscans, were gradually drawn into the mainstream of Mediterranean culture.
The Phoenicians held the western tip of the island, opposite Carthage in Africa, and had colonies on Sardinia.
Greek and Roman authors mention some early events in central Italy but the Etruscans only emerge into history during the 6th century BCE. By then, the political system of city-states, with a social and religious structure familiar in later centuries, had crystallized.
It was the period of their greatest power, but during the late 6th and early 5th centuries they were expelled from Rome and defeated at sea and on land by their Greek neighbours. To the south of Etruria the young Roman Republic was growing in strength, while to the north the Gauls had settled in the Po Valley and periodically raided south of the Apennines.
Surrounded by these dangers, the Etruscan city-states failed to unite effectively. Veii and other cities fought intermittent but fierce wars with Rome and by BCE they were probably all vassal-allies of the Roman Republic.
Afterwards, the Etruscans continued to enjoy some local self-government but gradually they were assimilated into the Roman world.
In 89 BCE they were granted Roman citizenship. By the end of the 1st century BCE their language was obsolete and their culture had merged with that of Imperial Rome.
Traditionally 12 in number, the Etruscan city-states were autonomous.
They formed a loose confederation, united by their common language and religion always a profound influence in Etruria but often following their own interests. In early times the cities were ruled by kings but by the 5th century BCE power had passed to the wealthy and exclusive class of nobles.
This political and social structure had a deep effect upon the development of art in Etruria and upon the type of surviving evidence. The individuality of the city-states generated a fascinating divergence of local art forms. The nobles were gifted patrons of the arts and custom dictated that men and women of great families should be placed in fine tombs, surrounded by prized possessions, some of which have come down to us.Etruscan Temple Art Etruscan temple architecture was allied to Greek forms, which the Etruscans modified, principally in their use of materials and the ground plan, to suit their own religious needs.
(See also: Roman Architecture.) The Etruscans characteristically only . Etruscan art was the form of figurative art produced by the Etruscan civilization in northern Italy between the 9th and 2nd centuries BC.
Particularly strong in this tradition were figurative sculpture in terracotta (particularly life-size on sarcophagi or temples) . Current art history news, comments, updates, pictures, videos, reviews, & information posted on.
Professor Nancy T.
The Department of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities is home to a collection of artworks representing the Greek, Etruscan, and Roman civilizations; it illustrates the art of a vast area encompassing Greece, Italy, and the whole of the Mediterranean basin, . Etruscan Architecture Studies based on different aspects of science, history and archaeology have provided invaluable information about how the etruscan lived based on the remainings graves; the constructions that were made to perpetuate the memory of their dead. Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) is a service we offer sellers that lets them store their Shop Best Sellers · Read Ratings & Reviews · Fast Shipping · Deals of the Day.
de Grummond of Florida State University presented the seventh lecture program for the Rochester, New York AIA Society entitledLooking at Divination: Themes of Prophecy in Etruscan, Greek and Roman Art on April 16, at the University of Rochester, Rochester, New York.
Italy before the Romans Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Map marking the area dominated or colonized during the middle of the 1st Millennium BC Click for detail map.