He founded the group in the late s, modelling it on the Holy Spirit Movement, led by a similarly charismatic former prostitute, Alice Lakwena, who presented herself as the defender of the Acholi people of northern Ugandaagainst the government in Kampala of Yoweri Museveni. Lakwena promised her warriors immunity from bullets if they rubbed themselves with shea butter. What do Kony and the LRA want? It is difficult to identify any consistent aims.
Lord's Resistance Army insurgency — In JanuaryJoseph Kony made his first appearance as a spirit medium, one of many who emerged after the initial success of the Holy Spirit Movement of Alice Auma. Former Uganda People's Democratic Army commander Odong Latek convinced Kony to adopt conventional guerrilla warfare tactics, primarily surprise attacks on civilian targets, such as villages.
The LRA also occasionally carried out large-scale attacks to underline the inability of the government to protect the populace. Until the LRA raided the populace for supplies, which were carried away by villagers who were abducted for short periods of time. The fact that some NRA units were known for their brutal actions ensured that the LRA were given at least passive support by segments of the Acholi population.
As the LRA was armed with modern weaponry, the bow-and-arrow groups were overpowered. The creation of the Arrow Groups angered Kony, who began to feel that he no longer had the support of the population.
In response the LRA mutilated numerous Acholi whom they believed to be government supporters. While the government efforts were a failure, the LRA reaction caused many Acholi to finally turn against the insurgency. However, this was tempered by the deep-seated antagonism towards the occupying government forces.
The conflict forces many civilians to live in internally displaced person IDP camps Following the Operation North, Bigombe initiated the first face-to-face meeting between representatives of the LRA and government. The LRA asked for a general amnesty for their combatants and stated that they would not surrender, but were willing to "return home.
In particular, the military had learned that Kony was negotiating with the Sudanese government for support while talking to Bigombe, and felt that Kony was simply trying to buy time. By early February the tone of the negotiations was growing increasingly acrimonious, and following a meeting on 2 February, the LRA broke off negotiations stating that they felt that the NRA was trying to entrap them.
Spillover into neighboring countries — [ edit ] Main article: Lord's Resistance Army insurgency — Two weeks after Museveni delivered his ultimatum of 6 Februaryit was reported that LRA fighters had crossed the northern border and established bases in southern Sudan with the approval of the Khartoum government.
Also, convinced that the Acholi were now collaborating with the Museveni government, Kony began to target civilians with his increased military strength.
Mutilations became commonplace especially cutting off ears, lips, noseand saw the first mass abduction of children and youth. The most famous of these was the Aboke abductions of female students in October As most of the LRA combatants are abducted children, a military offensive against the LRA is widely perceived by the Acholi as a massacre of victims.
Government attempts to destroy the rebels are thus viewed as another cause for grievance by the Acholi.
The moral ambiguity of this situation, in which abducted young rebels are both the victims and perpetrators of brutal acts, is central to the conflicted attitudes of many Acholi towards the rebels. The government's response was a scorched-earth policy ordering all Acholis to leave their homes in 48 hours and move to "protected villages" beginning inlater called Internally Displaced People's Camps.
This further deepened the antagonistic attitude that many Acholi had toward the government, especially as the population continued to be attacked by the LRA even within the "protected camps. Following the 11 September attacks in the U. Cross-border tensions eased as support to proxy forces fell.
Some of the hundreds of thousands of civilians displaced by the war began to return to their homes. The number of people displaced by the conflict declined to about half a million, and people began to talk openly of the day when the "protected camps" would be disbanded.
This agreement, coupled with the return of Ugandan forces that were deployed in the Democratic Republic of Congo upon the official end of the Second Congo Warcreated what the Ugandan government felt was an ideal situation in which to end a conflict that had become both an embarrassment and political liability.
During a November field visit to Uganda, United Nations Undersecretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Jan Egeland stated, "I cannot find any other part of the world that is having an emergency on the scale of Uganda, that is getting such little international attention.
From the middle of on, rebel activity dropped markedly under intense military pressure. The government was also the target of increasingly pointed criticism from the international community for its failure to end the conflict.The Lord’s Resistance Army is a textbook example of the rise and fall of an armed rebellion.
The LRA also represents a history of suffering typical to many civil wars where the line between. The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) has been one of central Africa’s cruelest and most enduring armed groups over the past 30 years.
The LRA has abducted over 67, youth, including 30, children, for use as child soldiers, sex slaves, and porters, and has brutalized communities since its inception in The Lord's Resistance Army insurgency is an ongoing guerrilla campaign waged by the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) insurgent group since Currently, there is low-level LRA activity in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic.
May 01, · The identification of the No. 2 commander in the Lord’s Resistance Army followed his exhumation in a Ugandan-led military expedition, a person . Mar 21, · The leader of Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army rebels, Joseph Kony, surrounded by his officers in Nabanga, Sudan, August 1, Reuters.
1. Ugandan rebel who led the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), a militia that terrorized northern Uganda and neighbouring countries in the late 20th and early 21st centuries.
Yoweri Kaguta Museveni Museveni was born to cattle farmers and attended missionary schools.