Making A level psychology easier The behaviourist model of abnormality Abnormality is a learned behaviour Abnormality is learned by classical conditioning, operant conditioning and social learning If an abnormal behaviour is reinforced it will be repeated.
More Essay Examples on Psychology Rubric Abnormal behaviour is no different from normal behaviour in terms of how it is learned.
The approach suggests that abnormal behaviours are learned through conditioning or social learning as well behaviour is determined by external events. The principles of learning theory can be used to explain many disorders for which the major characteristics are behavioural.
An example of this is arachnophobia which involves avoidance, an external symptom and feelings of anxiety when in the presence of a spider, an internal symptom. Because of this, ecological validity is reduced meaning that the results cannot be generalised to other situations outside of a controlled environment.
Animal studies are also used as a means for collecting information on behaviours but these results cannot be generalised to humans entirely as there are obvious differences between them.
Learning environments may reinforce problematic behaviours for example avoidant behaviour lowers anxiety, depressive behaviours may elicit help and attention from others.
Society also provides deviant maladaptive models that children identify with and imitate in order for social approval. The model ignores the role of biology or internal thoughts and feelings as an explanation for abnormality.
Behaviourist explanations of abnormality have been criticised for offering a very limited view of factors that may cause abnormal behaviour.
Despite this, the theories have been successful in treating phobias and eliminating unwanted behaviour. The behavioural therapies only remove the symptoms and not the cause of a disorder and so can result in the symptoms being left to resurface.
It is likely that the patient could relapse and return to the maladaptive behaviour. This differs from the psychodynamic approach that offers explanations for the causes of abnormality and allows them to be corrected making it a stronger theory that could have more appeal to psychologists.Outline and evaluate the psychodynamic model of abnormality.
(12 Marks) The psychodynamic model (which is based on Freud’s theories) states that abnormalities are results of a conflict which has gone wrong in the “psyche” (in the mind). Outline and evaluate the Theory of Planned Behaviour as a model for the prevention of addictive behaviour (4+6 marks) The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) is a cognitive theory which states that behavioural attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioural control, influence the intentions to engage in a particular behaviour and these /5(1).
Outline and evaluate the behavioural approach to abnormality Essay Outline and evaluate the behavioural approach to abnormality This approach focuses on the behaviour of the person to explain psychological abnormalities - Outline and evaluate the behavioural . OUTLINE and EVALUATE the BEHAVIOURAL MODEL (explanation) of ABNORMALITY The basic assumption of the Behavioural Model is that all behaviour is learnt.
Outline and Evaluate the Behavioural Approach to Psychopathology Words Feb 15th, 3 Pages The behaviourist approach assumes that all behaviours are learnt.
Baron described aggression as ‘behaviour designed to harm or injure another who is motivated to avoid such treatment’. According to Berkowitz () and Bandura () although the aggressive behaviour in animals can be explained in terms of instinctive drives, aggression in humans is the product of learning.